Reach is the abbreviation of the EU regulation concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals and it is a chemical regulatory system established by the EU and began implementing in June 1, 2007.
This is a proposal for legislation on the safety of production, trade and use of chemicals, aimed at protecting human health and environmental safety, maintaining and improving the competitiveness of the chemical industry in the European union, as well as the innovative capacity to develop non-toxic and harmless compounds, preventing market fragmentation, increasing transparency in the use of chemicals, promoting non-animal experiments and pursuing sustainable social development.
The reach directive requires that chemicals imported and produced in Europe must be registered, evaluated, authorized and restricted through a comprehensive set of procedures to better and more easily identify chemical components for environmental and human safety purposes. The main contents of this instruction are registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction and so on. Any commodity must have a register of chemicals listed and indicate how they are used by the manufacturer and the toxicity assessment report. All information will be entered into an ongoing database managed by the European chemicals agency, a new EU agency based in Helsinki, Finland. The agency will assess each file and may take stricter measures if chemicals are found to have an impact on human health or the environment. Depending on the assessment of several factors, chemicals may be banned or approved for use.
Reach requires manufacturers to register about 30,000 chemicals in each product - and to measure their potential public health hazards. Reach established the idea that society should not introduce new materials, products or technologies if their potential hazards are not known.